An 'orchard grade' is a tree that may be somewhat shorter, slightly crooked, or a bit scratched, or for some other reason is not a perfect front lawn specimen. These trees will work just as well in an orchard as a first or number one would, since they still produce the very same fruit.
A scab, mildew and fireblight resistant variety developed at INRA Angers in France and also marketed as 'Querina™'. It's pedigree includes Golden Delicious and Jonathan, among others. Large, attractive, bright red apple is very crisp and firm with an aromatic, spicy, complex flavour. This is one that is pleasurable for fresh eating straight from the tree and will still be perfectly palatable 3 months later. A great all-around variety, especially for organic production. Florina is easy-to-grow, but as a tip bearing type, it does not lend itself to espalier pruning.
NEEDS A POLLENIZER | ZONE 4 | HARVEST: EARLY-MID OCT
Besides selecting the most disease resistant varieties, there are
a few simple things to do to have better apples.